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Farm Consultancy


Parklands are pleased offer a bespoke consultancy service on mastitis investigation and control tailored specifically to individual farms. Clinical and subclinical mastitis is one of the biggest factors affecting both directly farm monthly milk check and indirectly through cull cow losses and declining milk production. Though our expertise in diagnosing mastitis through our in house lab sampling and monitoring the herd via regular milk recording, can can produce very effective control measures which will have a rapid effect on the milk quality performance of the herd.

Please ring one of our surgeries and ask about our PUMP services.

Losses due to loss of bonus because of high bulk tank SCC

A 100 cow herd producing 25 litres per cow per day(average 7500L per lactation) will produce 2500L per day and 75,000L per month.At 25ppl this adds up to £18750 per month.

The loss of bonus for Bulk tank SCC (BTSCC) above200,000 varies per dairy but starts from:

£187.50 (at 0.25ppl bonus) to £300 (at 0.4ppl bonus)per month, that’s £2250 to £3600 per year!

The loss in production due to a high BTSCC affecting yield.

If our BTSCC is 300,000 then we will lose 2.5% milk production because the cows simply will not produce the milk while fighting infection. Using the herd above this adds up to 1875L per month at 25ppl equals £468.75 per month or £5625 per year!

There is a further 2.5% reduction for every 100,000increase in above 300,000!

Mastitis Targets

The target number of cases per 100 cows is 30 casesper year, that’s roughly 2.5 cases per month, how many of us are achieving this level? Remember the average cost of mastitis is £153-255 per case!

Mastitis Types

Mastitis can be divided into 2 broad types, Contagious and Environmental, the control measures needed to combat these are quite different. For example if our main problem on farm is Staph aureus (a contagious mastitis type) then disinfecting the cubicles will make little difference. Conversely if the trouble is E. Coli (an environmental type) then buying a cluster flush system will also have little effect!

Analysing mastitis data

“Knowledge is power”, with information from our labs and milk recording and farm recording of clinical mastitis cases, we can focus on individual cows or on the herd trends using the Vetimpress and NMR software packages to analyse data and display it effectively. These packages make decision making simpler and faster for mastitis and also fertility parameters on farm.


The bulk of lameness disease costs are in the reduced chance of conception and greater number of days open. Lameness can reduce conception rate by greater than 25% and increase the risk of ovarian follicular cysts by 2.5 times. If a calving interval is increased through lameness and poor fertility from 420 days to 450 days, this is an extra 30 days open at£5.75 per day, amounting to £170 (DAISY Report, 2002). 

Treating lame cows is one of the most demanding health issues to be approached on farm, as it is expensive on both time and physical effort.  It is therefore very important that efforts are maximised to best effect, i.e. the cost-to-benefit ratio is as low as possible.

Vets often find the best way to investigate lameness is via a holistic approach that includes a herd locomotion score to gauge the severity and extent of the problem. Treating severe cattle lameness is not the whole answer.

A simple system of scoring cows is to grade them from 0 through to 3, where 0 is normal and good locomotion and 3 is very lame.

Regular foot trimming

All cows should be hoof-trimmed at least once or ideally twice in a lactation, even if they are sound. This way, cows are prevented as much as is possible from advancing up the lameness ladder. Parklands Vets are all trained in the dutch method of foot trimming and we have state of the art mobile handling equipment and tools. We are involved daily of foot trimming and lameness management programs on farm.

The remainder of a holistic approach to lameness does require a thorough review of the whole of the cows’ environment, nutrition and management practices with a major emphasis on housing design and cow track management. At Parklands, we are best placed to provide you with a long term solution to whole herd management of lameness resulting in increased profitability and performance. 

New technologies

New technologies have a very valuable place in the management of lameness. These include computer programs such as InterHerd which can manage information on lameness diagnoses, generate lists of cows due for trimming, and monitor effectson performance and analyse trends in lameness. extremely valuable information can be gathered through the milk recording program and used to effectively manage the on farm performance.

ASK us about our lameness management and consultancy services.

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